By now you may have heard about the remarkable health benefits of probiotics—the friendly bacteria in your gut (where at least 70% of your immune system can be found) that work hard to keep things in balance so you can enjoy good digestion and health. But just what are prebiotics?
In simple terms, prebiotics are a food source for probiotics. So, as they travel through the digestive system, they nourish all those good bacteria along the way and help them grow and multiply. The result? More good bacteria in the gut, which means better digestion and a stronger natural defense system.
But where do prebiotics come from? Well, mostly from soluble fiber sources such as oats, legumes, flax and almonds—and that’s where the “non-digestible” part comes into play. Dietary fiber—including both soluble fiber and insoluble fiber—really just refers to the parts of plant foods that our bodies are unable to digest and absorb, which is why it’s sometimes called “roughage”. Because prebiotics are not digested, they remain in the digestive tract where they can do their job of feeding their probiotic partners.
In addition to obtaining prebiotics through the diet, nowadays many probiotic supplements will actually include prebiotics to help you get the benefit of the two working together. For example, FOS (which is short for fructooligosaccharide), is a prebiotic fiber source that may be added to help stimulate the growth of friendly probiotic strains such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli.
So there you have it! Two powerful “p” words that can go a long way toward better digestion and a healthy immune system—talk about a winning combination!