Initial findings from a recent study of more than 70,000 patients worldwide reveal that not only is there an across-the-board delay in treatment among female STEMI sufferers, but more women are dying in the hospital as a result of this dangerous heart attack. Outside the hospital, they are also 70% more likely to die up to a year following the heart attack.
STEMI stands for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In simpler terms, it occurs when a coronary artery becomes completely blocked and prevents blood flow to the heart muscle. So how come more women are dying from STEMI?
Researchers point to a possible lack of awareness about STEMI symptoms and a variation in risk factors between men and women. Women tend to be older and have additional health problems such as diabetes—but why women with signs of STEMI experience an average five-minute delay in care is concerning. The Yale team plans to continue its research through a new program designed to improve heart attack outcomes in women worldwide.